What are cookies?
Cookies are small text files sent by a website server to a web browser (web browser: Chrome, IE, Firefox, Opera), RAM or hard drive at the time of initial access to the website and then stored there.
The cookie is installed at the request of a web server to a browser (eg Internet Explorer, Chrome) and is completely “passive” (does not contain software, viruses or spyware and cannot access information on your hard drive). user).
A cookie consists of 2 parts: the name and the content or value of the cookie. Moreover, the duration of the existence of a cookie is determined; technically, only the web server that sent the cookie can access it again when a user returns to the website associated with that web server.
Cookies themselves do not require personal information in order to be used and, in most cases, do not personally identify internet users.
You can find out more about cookies by visiting www.allaboutcookies.org.
The purpose of cookies
Cookies play an important role in facilitating access to and delivery of multiple services that the user enjoys on the Internet, such as:
- Customize certain settings such as: the language in which a website is viewed, the currency in which certain prices or rates are expressed, keeping options for various products (measures, other details, etc.) in the shopping cart (and storing these options) – generating thus the flexibility of the “shopping cart” (accessing old preferences by accessing the “forward” and “back” button).
- Cookies provide website owners with valuable feedback on how their websites are used by users so that they can make them more efficient and accessible to users.
- Allow multimedia or other applications on other websites to be included in a particular website to create a more valuable, useful and enjoyable browsing experience;
- improve the efficiency of online advertising.
The lifetime of a cookie
Cookies are administered by webservers. The lifespan of a cookie can vary significantly, depending on the purpose for which it is placed. Some cookies are used exclusively for a single session (session cookies) and are no longer retained once the user has left the website and some cookies are retained and reused each time the user returns to that website ( permanent cookies). However, cookies can be deleted by a user at any time through the browser settings.
Cookies we use
The cookies we use do not store any personal information on the basis of which you can be identified. These cookies allow us to provide better services through our website. Some of these are strictly necessary for the proper functioning of the website, while others are used to improve the performance of the website and to improve the user experience.
Cookies can be classified as follows:
- Essential cookies – These are essential for browsing the website. They allow the use of applications embedded in the website, such as login. These cookies do not collect information about the user based on which he can be identified. Without these cookies, certain features of the website may not be available.
- Analysis cookies – These allow us to analyze how users interact with our website: which pages are the most visited, which are the most read articles, etc. These cookies are used only for statistical analysis purposes for the content of the website.
- Functional cookies – These allow us to remember your preferences when browsing the website. This way, the user does not have to customize their preferences every time they access the website.
- Advertising Cookies – These allow the targeting of advertising based on the user’s interests and habits, detected when browsing the website or outside it.
Depending on their validity, cookies are classified as follows:
- Permanent cookies – These remain stored in the browser you use and on your device (eg computer, mobile phone, tablet), until they are deleted or expire.
- Session cookies – These are stored in a temporary memory until the internet browser is closed; all stored information is deleted when the browsing session is completed.
Certain sections of content may be provided through third parties. These are called “third party cookies” because they are not placed by the website owner.
The website https://www.convar.ro/ uses the following types of cookies: essential, functional and analytical.
We use functional cookies:
- To recognize your preferences when you return to the website.
We use analytics cookies to analyze and review user interaction with the website, as follows:
- To quantify the number of visitors to our website;
- To determine and analyze which pages are most frequently visited and in what order.
Thus, on this website, we use the following cookies:
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Security and privacy issues
Cookies are NOT viruses! They use plain text formats. They are not made up of pieces of code so they cannot be executed or run. As a result, they cannot be duplicated or replicated on other networks to run or replicate. Because they cannot perform these functions, they cannot be considered viruses.
However, cookies may be used for negative purposes. Because it stores information about users’ preferences and browsing history, both on a particular site and on several other sites, cookies can be used as a form of Spyware. Many anti-spyware products are aware of this and constantly mark cookies to be deleted during anti-virus / anti-spyware deletion / scanning procedures.
In general, browsers have integrated privacy settings that provide different levels of acceptance of cookies, validity period and automatic deletion after the user has visited a certain site.
Because the protection of identity is very valuable and represents the right of every internet user, it is advisable to know what possible problems cookies can create. Because through them information is constantly transmitted in both directions between the browser and the website, if an attacker or unauthorized person intervenes during the transmission of data, the information contained in the cookie may be intercepted.
Although very rare, this can happen if the browser connects to the server using an unencrypted network (eg an unsecured WiFi network).
Other cookie-based attacks involve incorrect cookie settings on servers. If a website does not require the browser to use only encrypted channels, attackers can use this vulnerability to trick browsers into sending information through unsecured channels. Attackers then use the information to gain unauthorized access to certain sites. It is very important that you choose the most appropriate method of protecting your personal information.
Tips for safe and responsible browsing based on cookies
Here are some tips that can help you navigate without worries about cookies:
Here are some tips that can help you navigate without worries about cookies:
- Customize your browser settings for cookies to reflect a comfortable level of cookie security for you.
- If cookies do not bother you and you are the only person using the computer, you can set long expiration dates for storing your browsing history and personal access data.
- If you share access to your computer, you may want to consider setting your browser to clear your individual browsing data each time you close your browser. This is an option to access sites that place cookies and to delete any visit information at the end of the browsing session.
- Install and constantly update your antispyware applications.
Many of the spyware detection and prevention applications include site attack detection. This prevents the browser from accessing websites that could exploit browser vulnerabilities or download malicious software.
- Make sure your browser is always up to date.
Many cookie-based attacks are exploited by exploiting the weaknesses of older versions of browsers.
Cookies are everywhere and cannot be avoided if you want to enjoy access to the best and largest sites on the Internet – local or international. With a clear understanding of how they operate and the benefits they bring, you can take the necessary security measures so that you can surf the Internet with confidence.
Disabling / Blocking Cookies
Most types of web browsers allow you to block most types of cookies (except for the essential ones, such as Flash), including essential cookies. Please note that if all cookies are blocked, certain components and functions of the website may be affected.
If you have not blocked cookies in the settings of the web browser you use, when you access the website, our system will issue cookies.
This way, you can allow, block or delete the cookies installed on your device by changing the settings of the web browser you use:
– Access the Chrome menu
– Select “Settings”
– Click “Show advanced Settings”
– in the “Privacy” section, click “Content settings”
– Select the option “Block data definition by sites”
- Delete Cookies
- Block Cookies by default (block cookies as default setting)
- Allow Cookies by default (allow cookies as default setting)
- Keep cookies and website data by default until you leave the browser (keep cookies as default setting only during browser usage session)
- Create exceptions for cookies from specific websites or domains (create exceptions for cookies from specific websites or domains)
To learn more about cookie settings in Google Chrome, visit: http://support.google.com/chrome/bin/answer.py?hl=en&answer=95647.
Microsoft Internet Explorer
– Click the “Tools” menu and choose the “Internet Options” option
– Select the “Privacy” tab
– Move the bar up where you will see the “Block all Cookies” setting (block all cookies)
For more information on cookie settings in Internet Explorer, visit: https://support.microsoft.com/es-es/help/17442/windows-internet-explorer-delete-manage-cookies.
– Click the “Tools” menu
– Select “Options”
– Click on the “Privacy” icon at the top
– in the “Cookies” section disable “I accept cookies from sites”
– Click “OK” to save the changes and close
For more information on cookie settings in Mozilla Firefox, go to http://support.mozilla.org/es/kb/habilitar-y-deshabilitar-cookies-que-los-sitios-we.
– Click “Edit”
– Select “Preferences”
– at the top of the bar, select the “Privacy” icon
– in the “Accept Cookies” section select “Never”
For more information on cookie settings in Safari, visit http://support.apple.com/kb/ph5042.